The Barcelona Chair achieves the serenity of line and the refinement of proportions and materials characteristic of Ludwig Mies van der Rohe's highly disciplined architecture. It is supported on each side by two chrome-plated, flat steel bars intersecting in a gentle s-curve. This simple shape derives from a long history of precedents, from ancient Egyptian folding stools to nineteenth-century neoclassical seating. Mies van der Rohe designed this chair for his German Pavilion at the Barcelona Exposition of 1929. Given that the Spanish king was to preside, it had to be an "important chair, a very elegant chair," according to the architect. "The government was to receive a king. The chair had to be monumental. In those circumstances, you just couldn't use a kitchen chair." This vintage piece retains its original brown leather welt-and-button cushions, which bear the patina of maturity.